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"Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it" - George Santayana


Grosvenor Bridge, once the largest single span stone bridge in the world.The Old Dee Bridge, Weir and Minerva ShrineThe Castle and the Military Museum. The Grosvenor Museum is very close by.You can take a tour to the top of the Cathedral for a stunning view.The Water Tower once stood in the River DeeThe Phoenix Tower - but can you see Rowton Moor from herePossibly the most painted Church in the world?Did King Harold live here?Edgars Field has a real Roman ShrineHave they got the shields mixed up?The River Dee, from source to seaThe Roodee, once a Roman harbour now a racecourseThe center of the famous "Rows" of ChesterEastgate - a place to start a walk around the WallsNorthgate - a scary prison once stood here View of Chester from a Balloon
A view of Chester from a balloon : for the weather... Other notable features of Chester include: Chester castle, the City Walls, The Rows, the Hermitage, the Amphitheatre, the Cathedral, the partly ruined church of St Johns, the Minerva Shrine, Suspension Bridge, Old Dee Bridge, Grosvenor Bridge. Grosvenor Museum and Military Museum. For those more interested in archaeology on the edge there is even Heronbridge a place which, like many, has stories yet to tell.

The definitive "Wiki" site all about the City of Chester in the UK and the River Dee. Started in 2007, with a detailed Timeline and in-depth information about architecture. To find out more, try any of the links underneath this gallery of pictures ( I use the excellent Thumbsplus to manage the details). If you think you already know enough about Chester why not try the Quiz. If you like us, or have any questions, then why not use the "Guestbook" to comment.

  • "I have come to Chester, madam, I cannot tell how, and far less can I tell how to get away from it." - James Boswell (as reported in a letter to Samuel Johnson October 22, 1779),

What's New or Updated

There is often something new on here. Clicking on "recent changes" in the menu on the top left will reveal the very latest changes:

  • One of the sculptures at the Town Hall depicts "Sir William Brereton before the Mayor's court". The story around the sculpture starts in 1485 and runs on into the Civil War and the sieges of Chester and Beeston Castle. It ends, so far as Brereton is concerned, with his body, in his coffin, dissappearing down a river in flood.
  • Randle Holme: an error on a "Blue Plaque" turns up on inspection of the Old Kings Head.
  • The Cowper family had become established Chester merchants by the mid-17th century. They are probably best known for their house and undercroft in Bridge Street. However, a little digging reveals a complex puzzle involving several Oliver Cromwells and some of the wives of Henry VIII.
  • The Hoole Railway Footbridge - and its connection to the Eastgate Clock;
  • The Brerewood family - rags to riches to rags..
  • Video guides to Chester - the good, the bad and yet another shot of the ugly pink flats;
  • Streets and the consequences of the Inner Ring Road - with a more detailed look at some of the streets within the City Walls;
  • Perhaps the final end of Charles Moston and the Chester Canal mystery...;

Anything in purple is a link and will either take you to an external site or elsewhere on this wiki.

If arriving at Chester Station many visitors will walk down Brook Street (seen here looking back towards the station) which provides an interesting introduction to the architecture of Chester. The "Bowling Green" on the right has an interesting mural over the door showing Drake &Co playing bowls while the Spanish Armada invaded Protestant England. It is now the Catholic Social Club. On the far right can be seen a relic of WW2 an "EWS" Emergency Water Supply marker on the Bowling Green wall. In general the "half-timbered" buildings are more recent than the rest.

Start Exploring Chester

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If you are really just wanting to wander around, try doing a "mouse-over" on the balloon view above and click when you see something which interests you, or click on City Walls to go to another map with even more places to visit. Another way to navigate is via the Site Index. If you are interested in a specific one of the Neighborhoods in Chester, just click on the " Neighborhoods" text and you will be taken to the index page for that category.

Sometimes, as on the left here you will see a picture of a person walking. Clicking on the person will take you to a map showing where the thing being discussed is - more often than not both a modern map and an older one. The one on the left is set up to take you to maps showing the position of St Johns - the original cathedral. We have a page linking to the various Walking Guides both on this Wiki about Chester and those found elsewhere.


In some places you will see navigation icons like the compass rose on the right. These are used to navigate through a series of pages on related topics.

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The little symbol on the left will take you to the relevant part of the Timeline. You can "mouse over" to see where you are going.

If you get lost (but are still in Chesterwiki), then the top link in the menu-bar at the left hand side will bring you back here.

And if you have any general comments - use our guestbook (click on the icon to the right)

Visiting Chester for the first time

The Town Hall is the starting point for the Millennium festival trail.

There is a lot to see in Chester. As regards where to stay, and depending on your budget, you could go for the Chester Grosvenor or the Chester Backpackers. For a first visit, a walk around the complete City Walls and a detailed look at The Rows can take a whole day.The Millennium festival trail takes in many of the highlights, but by no means all of them (the Roman Festival Trail will see many of the Roman sites and The Mystery Tour will visit much of "Haunted Chester"). On a short trip it is worth a visit to the Grosvenor Museum, and possibly even the Military Museum. Unfortunately, Chester Castle can only be seen from the outside at present, but the Town Hall may be open and the Cathedral now offers the spectacular view of Chester from above. One thing which should not be missed is the unique Roman sculpture, the Minerva Shrine in Edgar's Field.

Given an extra day, Chester Zoo (the largest Zoo in the United Kingdom) should certainly not be missed. Chester has reasonably good Public Transport and the most popular "Cab" firm is "King Kabs" (when the races are on at the Roodee, the wait for a cab can be 30-40 minutes - and their phone system has a ghastly American accent). The Weather is generally quite good due to the fact that Chester is sheltered from the prevailing wind by the Welsh mountains at the head of the River Dee.

Chester is provided with many "mainstream" shops, but Chester Market (behind the Town Hall) is worth a visit, as well as some of the unique and "odd-ball" shops like the "Cheese Shop". Lowe's jewelery shop on upper Bridge Street had links to the Titanic but sadly closed in 2018.

Using this site

The site is (in part) built about the Timeline, which traces links (some of which are tenuous) between the history of Chester and the River Dee and the wider world. The point of the timeline is not to make Chester appear any more important than it is, but simply to provide a place to start other journeys through history. A Short History is expanded upon in a series of Articles which focus on specific themes, places and characters. The Books page has links to books about Chester, many of which are available online as part of the Google Books project and other archives, often as free "e-books". The Maps page deals with old maps of Chester (or have a look here), and if you want to walk around the City Wall, our City Walls page may add to your experience. The Rows of Chester also have their own section, and if you are interested in Chester Castle, the Norman Earls of Chester, or Roman Chester we have something here too.

The Norman Earls of Chester were always deeply involved in politics, following a tradition that arises in the House of Leofric towards the end of the Dark Ages, and continues through the dynastic marriage between Harold II and that house. Harold is said by some to have survived after 1066 and ended his days in the Hermitage at Chester. Closely connected to the ruling dynasty of England, and frequently at war with them, the line of Norman Earls continued until Henry III appropriated the Earldom for the Crown. If the final Norman Earl, John Canmore, had a son, that son (whose mother would have been Elen ferch Llywelyn, daughter of Llywelyn the Great), or possibly a grandson, that child would have had a legitimate claim to the throne of Scotland as well as the Earldom of Chester - and very good Welsh connections. Had the Earldom of Chester continued in this manner, Edward I would have faced serious problems in both his attempts to conquer Wales and his wars with Scotland.

The Kaleyard Gate on the City Walls in Chester - yet another place to explore.

Welcome to Chesterwiki

The Eastgate is the starting point for our guide to the City Walls.

"Wikis" are an example of collaborative, user-generated content - Wikipedia is the best known example. Not everything you read in a Wiki may be true: someone may have gone in there and said "the earth is flat" - its up to you to check. For an example of how this site works click on Heronbridge.

If you want to know about the history of this site (or how to set up your own) see; Chesterwiki. The site started in 2007, and despite some problems along the way is still going strong.

We are not the only website about Chester. You might want to visit:

Æthelflæd likes links!

Chester is, apparently, particularly well-represented by on-line resources, but unfortunately these come and go as both individuals and the local council change their sites around. If a link is broken - that is just the way it is.

The Best Other "Unofficial" Sites on Chester

Quick Links to the online "papers" in Chester

As well as the "unofficial" sites, Chester's "mainstream" newspapers are all available online for free - no sign-up, just "click and go". Here is a list of links

Looking down Upper Bridge Street in 2015 with the High Cross in the foreground and Eastgate Street to the left. This was the site of the headquarters of the garrison of Roman Chester. The building left of center is by Thomas Meakin Lockwood (1888) one of the architects who developed the "Chester Look". The High Cross was broken up at the end of the siege of Chester in the Civil War and some surviving parts only restored to its ancient original site at the intersection of the city's main streets in 1975, after an absence of some 329 years.

Some Earlier Writers On Chester

Click on the name under the image and go straight to a free "e-Book" of these guidebooks from over the years:- (NB the Books page opens up many more books). The early guidebooks tend to follow a familar pattern of deriding previous guides and then copying wholesale from them, often word for word. The ones listed here are a selection of what appear to be the better informed (for sheer knock-about comedy Hughes takes the prize, while Hemingway wins on snob value). Using these references is not without difficulties. For example, all available copies of Hemingways "Panorama" have a date of 1836 and his "History" was apparently written in 1831. However the "Panorama" appears to have been written earlier than the "History"; as some descriptions in the "Panorama", such as that of the Infirmary (which was modified in 1830) are correct in the "History" (1831) - he even provides plans - but wildly out-dated in the "Panorama" (supposedly 1836) which describes the Infirmary as it was before 1800. Another example of the adage "History does not repeat itself, but historians do" is the succession of errors about the "Recorders Steps" (apparently built for the convenience of someone already dead):

Ketcham Home Movies: Europe 1951 features Chester starting at 48:51 min into the video. There are many other video guides to Chester - some good, some bad.

The east side of Upper Bridge Street in 2015.

Other useful books on Chester

These links only give partial views of the contents in most cases (or none at all), but these are some of the more useful resources on Chester, and more accurate. If you are in Chester then most can usually be obtained from the book/giftshop at the Grosvenor Museum - or the Tourist Information center by the Town Hall - together with several others. There are some guidebooks to Chester which are very dubious or superficial (none of these are listed below), and suffer from the problem that once you read a paragraph or two that is just plain wrong, you begin to doubt the accuracy of the rest of the book. One of the reasons for starting this Wiki rather than writing yet another guidebook is that there are perhaps enough guidebooks already, and if we make a mistake we can at least correct it, or add new content if some new detail is spotted. (NB the Books page opens up links to many more books)

Explore the Architectural History of Chester

One of Chester’s most distinguishing features is The Rows. These are galleried walkways that run the along the four streets that meet at the High Cross. These four streets, each of which leads to one of the principal City Gates of Chester, are listed below:

The Streets category will open the way to most of the city center streets and their interesting history.

Chester had some amazing local architects towards the end of the 19th Century, these included John Douglas and Thomas Meakin Lockwood.

The view from the top of the Northgate is one of the best in Chester. On the side of the "half-timbered" pub is a small red sculpture of a squatting demon - which is not, as one 2016 guidebook explains, a "fire insurance mark" - but is actually one of the works of the sculptor Eoghan Bridge which make up the "Chester Imp Trail" and were allegedly put up "Banksy" style in the dead of night. The advantage of a wiki like this is that we can correct our mistakes (and it is free rather than some of the rather pricey and innaccurate guidebooks on Chester that have recently been published).

It seems that almost every house in The Rows has its own story to tell - follow the links beneath the images to learn more about some of the more interesting examples...

History is all around us and Chester probably has more things of historical interest per square mile than many other places - whether that is social, political or military history. What's even better is that in Chester history is particularly well documented. However, in some cases it is easy to miss - many people will note the Eastgate clock, but fewer will see the memorial to Owen Jones nearby, catch sight of the retired sea-captains porthole in a wall above, know of the goings-on at the "King's Arms Kitchen" that stood close by, or realise that "Fleshmonger's Row" ended next to the Grosvenor Hotel, site of some dubious political chicanery by the ever so interesting Grosvenors (they even form the basis for a Sherlock Holmes story). The "Chester Look" or "English Vernacular Revival" preserved some of most interesting architecture in England, as well as creating some of the most extreme "Mock Tudor". Chester is not generally thought of as a "canal town" or a "railway town", but in many ways it is - and it played its part in the "canal bubble" and "railway mania" that were precursors of the "dot com" boom and crash of the 1990's.

Explore the River Dee - from source to sea

A panorama of the River Dee at Chester from the Bandstand with the Suspension Bridge left and the Old Dee Bridge - just visible on the right. The history of the Dee has many interwoven layers. There is the geological record, from the Ordovician rocks at its source to the modern deposits in the estuary. There is a historical record starting with it's use as a trade route in pre-Roman times. A path of myth which places the young Arthur at it's source. And an industrial tale bringing gold, stone, wool and water downstream as the railways and canals crept ever upstream towards it's head. Tide times at Chester are available online.

The River Dee flows through Chester and has had a major effect on its history, as well as the history of the places along the rest of its course. The River Dee (Welsh: Afon Dyfrdwy) flows 110 miles from it's source to Hilbre Island. Travelling through Wales and England and also forming part of the international border between them, the river rises in Snowdonia, flows north via Chester and discharges into an estuary between Wales and The Wirral. We have a section of this site devoted to the geology and history of the River Dee:

River Dee Geology - bricks, Bowers and more.
  • Upper Reaches: from the source of the river at springs on the slopes of Dduallt above Llanuwchllyn in the mountains of Snowdonia, through Wales, to its emergence from the Vale of Llangollen.
  • Middle Reaches: this long stretch of the meandering river drops in height by only a few feet.
  • Lower Reaches: below Chester to Hilbre Islands and the sea; the river is now in "old-age" and while there is little erosion a lot of material is deposited. In the case of the River Dee this deposition has had a significant impact on the economic development of Chester, effectively turning a major port into a relatively quiet backwater.

Nowadays, the Dee is one of the most regulated rivers in Europe, it supplies more water for public supply than the whole of the English Lake District and two-thirds of the river water is abstracted before the River Dee reaches the weir at Chester. The natural flow of the River Dee during most summers is insufficient to sustain this rate of abstraction, so a series of reservoirs have been constructed to store excess water available in wintertime and release it back into the River Dee during drier months. This system of low-flow regulation was used by Thomas Telford at the beginning of the 19th Century in order to guarantee a supply of water to the Ellesmere Canal. Telford constructed sluices at the outlet of Bala Lake to control the flow of the Dee downstream so that there was always sufficient water to supply the canal where it started at Horseshoe Falls.

Become a contributor (no, we are not asking for money)

A "wiki" is a linked set of pages which anyone can edit and expand. This freedom allows for unique expression and helps foster interesting and new ideas in an organic and very dynamic way. The emphasis here is on "anyone". You do not need to be a PhD. It's also an example of so-called "creative-commons", where people spend some time to make something and then share and share it alike without worrying too much about ownership. The benefit you get in return is that you have free access to the content generated by others. So, if you see something you think is inaccurate or incorrect, you have the power to change it. If you see that something is incomplete, you can add more information, either on the page or by adding a link to elsewhere. You can also create completely new pages of content and tie it into the rest of the site. Likewise, others have the power to veto/edit your changes. It is a delicate balance but one which ultimately leaves the users with the content they most want. Never be afraid to change something or try something new! All changes can be "rolled back" if you make a mistake as every page has its editing history preserved.

Flookersbrook in 2015 - one of the many neighbourhoods in Chester. You can contribute to this site via the Neighborhood pages - it is not really that difficult and helps build this database of information about Chester. Few people realise that this quiet byway is the old Roman Road out of Roman Chester, a part of the famous Watling Street.
Neighborhood pages - there is plenty of space on this site to add more, if YOU want to.

We want you to help with this site (we have been going since 2007):

Once you are signed-up, the Chester Wiki Guide will give you an introduction to creating and editing pages. Edit and add anything you wish (within the policy guidelines). However, please don't simply copy content from any of the other websites about Chester (such as ChesterWalls and ChesterTourist), as it will save a lot of typing to simply link to those as appropriate. And please don't add advertising, that is against the terms of use of the free hosting service that we use.

The page we would really like to expand upon is that on the Grosvenor Museum. This is one of the best "small museums" in the country (and has nothing officially to do with this website).

Writing articles

Batenhams "Street View" of the Dutch Houses predates Google by quite some years and appears to be the first systematic attempt to show what the views from the streets looked like.

This is really easy. If you think that it would be a good idea to write about "Thorntons" then why not? There is the building itself (39 Eastgate Street - it used to be the "Green Dragon"), and all those stories about the hauntings. Chester is forever changing and we hope this site will help the people pf the future see what it looked like in the past. Hanshall in 1816 (his full book can be found on the Books page), describes how the rows were beginning to change even in his day:

Thomas Baldwin's 1785 aerial view of Chester which can be seen, together with the River Dee in the corner of this engraving based on his sketch. This is believed to be the first ever actual view of the earth from above - years ahead of "Google Earth"
  • To the front cf the street was a clumsy wooden railing and immense pillars of oak supporting transverse beams over which were built the chiefly of wood which hung over the street and in some places nearly met in centre. A little above the top of the row run heavy slated sheds called Pentices. These are removed and within the last twenty years the streets have assumed a new and more pleasing appearance. Many houses have been taken down which on being rebuilt were to the street which was made considerably higher decorated with a neat iron railing. These improvements are becoming pretty general in Bridge street and Eastgate street but the wooden antiquity of Northgate street and Watergate street remains unaltered, and is likely to continue so for some time. The views of the different streets as they at present stand are very ably delineated in Panoramic sketches by Mr Batenham of Chester, an artist who deserves a more extensive patronage than he receives, and whose works will one time or other become valuable to every lover of the relics of past days.

Perhaps in 2216, two-hundred years hence, people will be referring to Chesterwiki in the same way that we refer to Hanshall and Batenham - wouldn't you like to be part of that?

Adding links

Links both out of and into Chesterwiki help tie things together (none of the sites linked to below are in any way affiliated with ChesterWiki);

Links are important because they can lead the reader on to new journeys of exploration and to content which can help them form their own views about specific facts. "Broken links" are an endless problem with websites such as this. Sites get de-listed because their owners stop paying fees, lose interest, or even die. Many of the sites are preserved on the "Wayback Machine", but then we need to change the link to go to that archive.


What we realy need is pictures. Many of the sites mentioned on this site are up the River Dee, even as far as the head-waters at Dduallt, high on the moors above Bala, close to the extinct volcano on Rhobell Fawr. There are photo's on "Geographica" etc, but we would like some images with no potential copyright issues.


Chester Cathedral's falconry center opened in July 2015 and is exceptionally good value for money - for about the price of a pint you can meet the dozen different bird species close-up (two eagle, five falcon, two owl, two "hawk", one somewhat comic vulture) and watch them being fed and exercised in the open air - and even have most of them sit on your wrist. The staff are very knowledgeable about the birds and bird breeding (some of the birds are specially bred inter-species hybrids for the location). While there is a small refreshment kiosk you can also take your own picnic.

Monitoring suggests a severe decline in the UK house sparrow population, recently estimated as dropping by 71 per cent between 1977 and 2008 with substantial declines in both rural and urban populations. Several reasons have been given for this:

  • predation by domestic and feral cats - which could account for the death of half of the total population of sparrows each year;
  • predation by magpies and feral pigeons (mostly of eggs);
  • toxins produced by the use of unleaded petrol - in Paris, where diesel is cheaper than petrol, there has been far less reduction;
  • changes in farming practices and the widespread use of pesticides in parks and gardens;
  • changes in building practices - leading to fewer nesting opportunities - bird boxes can help this;

Results show that cats equipped with a bell returned 41 per cent fewer dead birds and 34 per cent fewer dead mammals than those with a plain collar. If you don't own a cat, but have a bird table, we have found that a solar-powered, ultrasonic cat repellent device, will help stop cats killing birds and using a garden as a litter tray. The better ones, (which will cost you about £10-20 depending on where you buy them from) have both an ultrasonic sound emitter and a flashing light, and being solar powered, do not need batteries replacing or recharging.

If cats are using your garden as a toilet you could try quoting the Human Rights Act at the council office. The result is something akin to showing a crucifix to a vampire. The local authority may tell you that cats cannot trespass so the owners aren’t liable and there is nothing they can do – blah blah blah – anything for a quite life. At this point you tell them you wish to make a formal complaint under Article 8 of the Human Rights Act. Article 8 (when they ask) covers your right to respect for private and family life from your local authority – specifically you believe they are failing you in your right to enjoy your property because your garden is being used as a giant litter box by the neighborhood cats and they are refusing to do anything about it. This is going to cause a bit of a stir and much whispering and nodding in your general direction but at some point they will believe they have solved their problem (the problem being you claiming your human rights are being violated) by telling you that the cat owners are also covered by Article 8 because they have the right to enjoy their property and the offending cats are their property. You then tell them you believe they are now in breach of the Human Rights Act Article 14 because you are being discriminated against. They are putting the cat owners right to Article 8 above your right to Article 8!